Ossian Cole Simonds

Ossian Cole Simonds (1855–1931) was one of the country’s earliest and most important landscape architects, the progenitor of the “middle-western movement” of landscape design. He laid out college campuses, arboreta, estates, parks, and, as its superintendent and landscape gardener for decades, worked on the much-admired Graceland Cemetery in Chicago. He was also an influential teacher, author, and founder of university programs in landscape architecture, and the only midwesterner among the eleven charter members of the American Society of Landscape Architects.