Frank A. Waugh

In 1903, Frank A. Waugh (1869–1943) founded an undergraduate program in landscape gardening at Massachusetts Agricultural College (now UMass Amherst), only the second such program in the nation. Waugh, who had moved to New England in 1895 from his native Midwest, was one of the first practitioners to conceive of a history of American landscape architecture. He was a renowned teacher and horticulturalist as well as a prolific writer on topics ranging from design to pomology, a talented printmaker, photographer, and flutist. Waugh’s writings were rooted in the principles of naturalistic nineteenth-century landscape gardening, but his theories of ecology and design promoted modern applications, solutions that could be achieved by the professional designer, highway engineer, estate gardener, or average homeowner.