places

Rescuing Val Verde

Montecito, California

Restored fountain rill connecting former art gallery with original house, Val Verde. Photograph by Derrik Eichelberger.

Restored fountain rill connecting former art gallery with original house, Val Verde. Photograph by Derrik Eichelberger.

There are few gardens I have known as captivating as Val Verde. At once understated and theatrical, natural and supernatural, organized yet unpredictable, the landscape acts as a bridge between man and nature, between the old world and the new. From my first visit to the garden in the early 1990s, I was immediately under its spell, and, more than fifteen years later, the history of the place began to reveal the source of this landscape’s power.

Several years ago, I was commissioned by the current owners of Val Verde to restore the deteriorated gardens designed by the landscape architect Lockwood de Forest Jr. and Wright Ludington beginning in the late 1920s. The estate and its grounds had been subdivided in the 1940s, and my challenge was to reestablish the connections between the original house and outbuildings and the gardens. My clients were living in the “Water Tower House,” which had once been part of the estate and served as Ludington’s sculpture gallery.

South reflecting pool with Aphrodite, Val Verde. Photograph by Roy Flamm. Courtesy Lockwood de Forest Papers, U C Santa Barbara.

South reflecting pool with Aphrodite, Val Verde. Photograph by Roy Flamm. Courtesy Lockwood de Forest Papers, U C Santa Barbara.

Before putting pencil to paper, I embarked on rigorous research—including interviews and a day in the de Forest archive at the University of California, Berkeley (these papers are now at UC Santa Barbara). During this phase of the project, I discovered Robin Karson’s A Genius for Place: American Landscapes of the Country Place Era. The book became a cornerstone of my research, helping me to understand Val Verde as it had developed over the years and to recognize where the original designs had been modified or had disappeared altogether.

View to house and south pool today. Photograph by Derrik Eichelberger.

View to house and south pool today. Photograph by Derrik Eichelberger.

Guided by Karson’s chapter on the history of Val Verde, I was able to rejoin the two properties by removing fencing, altering the driveways, and reconnecting the peristyle gate at the Val Verde motor court to the “What-not” folly at the Water Tower House with a new brick path. The ficus hedging along the fountain rill was replanted with low boxwood and Italian cypress as originally designed. The swimming pool became the reflecting pool it had been when Ludington owned the property. Archival photographs from the book were essential references in replanting exotic tropical plants along the circular walkway connected to the enclosed garden west of the water garden terrace. At each end of the Koi Pond, I recreated gardens reminiscent of the original “Maze Gardens” using laurel and olive trees instead of black acacia. The garden on the south side of the Koi Pond became a gateway to the estate’s extensive trail system and lower acreage.

Morton Bay fig tree in Tropical Garden. Photograph by Derrik Eichelberger.

Morton Bay fig tree in Tropical Garden. Photograph by Derrik Eichelberger.

My work at Val Verde spanned four years and involved continuous commitment from the owners to improve both properties, reconnect them physically, and revive the spiritual aspect of the garden that Wright Ludington and Lockwood de Forest had imagined together. A Genius for Place provided exactly what the title suggests, both insight into the genius of the landscape’s designers and a nuanced understanding of the sense of place that is Val Verde.

—Derrick Eichelberger

Profiles:

Southern Authors and Their Home Places: The Eudora Welty Garden and Rowan Oak, Mississippi (2017)

The Gardens of Ellen Biddle Shipman and the Restoration of the Cummer Museum Gardens (2017)

Rescuing Val Verde, Montecito, California (2017)

Jensen’s Masterpiece on Lake St. Clair: Edsel & Eleanor Ford House, Grosse Pointe Shores, Michigan (2017)

The James Rose Center for Landscape Architectural Research and Design: Maintaining Change Ridgewood, New Jersey (2016)

The Reynolda House Museum: LALH Book Guides Expansion / Winston-Salem, North Carolina (2015)

The Wormsloe Institute: Exploring the Landscape in Layers / Savannah, Georgia (2014)

John Nolen’s Union Park Gardens: Where Neighborliness Abounds / Wilmington, Delaware (2014)

Landmark Recognition of Steele’s Camden Amphitheatre: It Began With a Book / Camden, Maine (2013)

Boston’s Charles River Esplanade (2013)

Olmsted and Vaux’s Riverside: Pitching In To Preserve A Historic Landscape / Riverside, Illinois (2013)

Dancing into the Future: Dumbarton Oaks Park (2012)

Indiana University’s Woodland Campus (2012)

A Buffalo Neighborhood Renews Its Olmsted Legacy (2012)

A Collaborative Masterwork on Lake St. Clair / Edsel and Eleanor Ford House (2011)

Planting Acorns for Lincoln / Lincoln Memorial Garden, Springfield, Illinois (2011)

Beauty Returns to Burnham Island / Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois (2010)

Caring for a Modernist Masterpiece / The Irwin Miller Garden, Columbus, Indiana (2010)

Use and Beauty at the Mission House / Stockbridge, Massachusetts (2010)

Can Pastoral Beauty Heal the Mind? / Northern State Hospital, Sedro-Woolley, Washington (2009)

Parsons Park Rebounds / St. Nicholas Park, New York City (2009)

Landscape Preservation on a Forest Scale / Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park, Woodstock, Vermont (2009)

Water, Time, and Vision at Stan Hywet (2008)

Dumbarton Oaks Library Treads Lightly on the Landscape (2008)

Naumkeag Extolled (2008)

New Life for Farrand’s Last Garden / Garland Farm, Bar Harbor, Maine (2008)